Dementia is largely a clinical diagnosis. This means that it is generally not diagnosed after a blood test or an MRI scan, but on the basis of a medical assessment which includes taking a detailed history from the person and/or their relatives or carers, and performing an objective assessment of the individual’s cognitive abilities, such as memory.
Dementia is diagnosed if the clinical features fit predetermined diagnostic criteria. These diagnostic criteria have recently been revised and were published in 2013 in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM 5). In order to be diagnosed with dementia (now renamed ‘major neurocognitive disorder’), the following must be present:
Remember Advanced Memory Clinic is a multidisciplinary specialist medical clinic which provides expert assessment, treatment, education and support for individuals with cognitive complaints and their carers. The specialist team usually comprises a cognitive neurologist, neuropsychologist, psychologist, dietician, neurosurgeon, exercise physiologist, rehabilitation specialist and psychiatrist.